Discuss the difficulties in attempting to define leisure, recreation, tourism and sport.
Discuss the influence of accessibility, changes in technology and affluence upon the growth of these activities.
Leisure Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in non‑work time. Sport A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The activity may be competitive. Tourism Travel away from home for at least one night for the purpose of leisure. Note that this definition excludes day‑trippers. There are many possible subdivisions of tourism. Sub-groups include:
Ecotourism: tourism focusing on the natural environment and local communities
Heritage tourism: tourism based on a historic legacy (landscape feature, historic building or event) as its major attraction
Sustainable tourism: tourism that conserves primary tourist resources and supports the livelihoods and culture of local people
Carrying Capacity The maximum number of visitors/participants that a site/event can satisfy at one time. It is customary to distinguish between environmental carrying capacity (the maximum number before the local environment becomes damaged) and perceptual carrying capacity (the maximum number before a specific group of visitors considers the level of impact, such as noise, to be excessive). For example, young mountain bikers may be more crowd‑tolerant than elderly walkers. Primary Tourist/Recreation Resources The pre‑existing attractions for tourism or recreation (that is, those not built specifically for the purpose), including climate, scenery, wildlife, indigenous people, cultural and heritage sites. These are distinguished from secondary tourist/recreational resources, which include accommodation, catering, entertainment and shopping. Resort
A settlement where the primary function is tourism. This includes a hotel complex.
LEISURE AT AN INTERNATIONAL SCALE: TOURISM
Explain the long and short-term trends and patterns in international tourism.
Examine the changes in location and development of different tourist activities. Explain the growth of more remote tourist destinations.
Explain the relationship between urban settlements and recreational and sports facilities in terms of frequency, size, range and catchment area.
Examine the distribution and location of recreational and sports facilities in urban areas and relate the patterns to accessibility, land valueand the physical and socio-economic characteristics of each urban zone (from the CBD to the rural–urban fringe).
Discuss the role of sport and recreation in regeneration strategies of urban areas.
Define sustainable tourism.
Examine the extent to which it may be successfully implemented in different environments.
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