Urban Environments

General Sites For Urban Environments

Download file "Megacities.pdf"
BBC Urbanisation Resources
Ted Talks: Designs to fit more people into cities
Great Wiki Site
IB Geog Blog
Ecemene Wiki
IB Revision Site
Quizlet Urban Terms
Urban Terms
IB Geography: Videos for Urban Environments
Download file "Other Useful Sites.docx"
Urban populations

Define urbanization and explain the variation in global growth rates and patterns.

Explain the processes of centripetal movements (rural–urban migration, gentrification, re-urbanization /urban renewal

Explain the processes of centrifugal movements (suburbanization, counter-urbanization, urban sprawl)

Explain the contribution of natural change to patterns of population density within urban areas

Explain the global increase in the number and location of megacities (population over 10 million)

Urban land use

Explain the location of residential areas in relation to wealth, ethnicity and family status (stage in life-cycle).
Examine patterns of urban poverty and deprivation (such as slums, squatter settlements, areas of low-cost housing and inner-city areas).
Analyse the causes and effects of the movement of socio-economic groups since the1980s

Explain the spatial pattern of economic activity, the zoning of urban and suburban functions and the internal structure of the central business district (CBD).
Describe the informal sector; its characteristics and location in urban areas.
Analyse the causes and effects of the movement of retailing, service and manufacturing activities to new locations, including brownfield sites
Urban Stress

Examine the effects of structures and human activity on urban microclimates, including the urban heat island effect and air pollution

Analyse the other symptoms of urban stress including congestion, overcrowding and noise, depletion of green space, waste overburden, poor quality housing, social deprivation, crime and inequality
The sustainable city

Describe the city as a system in terms of:
inputs—energy, water, people, materials, products, food (urban agriculture)
outputs—solid, atmospheric and liquid waste, noise, people.
Distinguish between a sustainable circular system where inputs are reduced and outputs are recycled and an unsustainable (open/linear) city system with uncontrolled inputs and outputs
Interesting Ted Talks
Urban Ecology

Referring to at least two city case studies discuss the concepts of:
sustainable city management (see Curitiba and New York)

the urban ecological footprint
Evaluate one case study of each of the following:
one socially sustainable housing management strategy
one environmentally sustainable pollution management strategy
one strategy to control rapid city growth resulting from in-migration



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